Mumbai: Eye surgeons call for more attention eye injuries while attending to the victims of accidents. Informing that a significant percentage of people ending up losing visionbut they are entirely preventable by following simple precautions and safety measures while driving.
according to the National Human Rights Commission‘s (NHRC) estimates, road accidents account for 34 per cent of all cases of eye injuries reported in India. Eyes are very sensitive, complex, and delicate organs that are prone to damage due to accidents and mishaps while driving.
Calling for more attention to eye injuries in the emergency departments of hospitals while attending to victims of road accidents, Prof. Dr S NatarajanChief – Clinical Services, Aditya Jyot Eye HospitalMumbai, a unit of Dr Agarwal’s Eye Hospital Group said,”When a road accident victim is brought to a hospital, eyes are often the last part of the body to be checked by trauma surgeons, as they focus on bodily injuries like fractures and head trauma to save the patient’s life. , especially head trauma, the eyes should be examined early for damage. An ophthalmologist needs to be called immediately if eye damage is suspected, even if the patient is in coma.”
Many eye surgeons warn that eye trauma may impact the eyelids, cornea, the orbital wall, the white outer layer of the eyeball (sclera), the membrane that protects the eye (conjunctiva), etc. It may lead to conditions like a ruptured globe of the eye, traumatic cataract, detachment of the retina, damage to the optic nerve, loss or haemorrhage of the gel-like fluid that fills the eye (vitreous), and so on. Many of these are vision-threatening conditions.
Technology is so advanced today that if the center of the cornea or retina and the optic nerve are not involved in the damage, the chances of restoring the vision of the patient are quite good, Prof. Dr S Natarajan said, adding that prevention is always better than cure.
“People should make full use of protective measures while driving, such as helmets, seat belts, head rests, and airbags. Avoid keeping any object between yourself and the steering wheel. Try to wear glasses while driving, if possible. The common practice of placing a young child on the lap of a parent on the front seat of the car should be strictly avoided,” he said.
“We need a change in mindset and treatment protocol at emergency departments of hospitals so that eyes are given simultaneous attention as soon as the patient arrives. This is currently not happening. For example, in the case of a head injury, it is common to immediately call a brain surgeon to examine the patient, but an eye surgeon is rarely called. We need more awareness among doctors treating road accident victims so that eyes are given early attention for signs of damage by an eye trauma specialist,” Dr S Natarajan concluded.