Calcutta: Heart failure is a silent killer that often goes undiagnosed and is comparable to advanced cancer, cardiologists have warned.
This was the most common cardiac cause for hospitalization with 1 per cent of the population being affected annually, which added up to 1 crore patients in India, pointed out experts during a discussion in Kolkata on Thursday. Heeding tarly signs and taking the right medicines could reverse the condition, he said. doctors,
According to them, heart failure often remains undiagnosed till the end-stage. Approximately 80 percent-90 percent patients have Left ventricular HF with a nearly even (50-50) split between HFrEF (Heart Failure Reduced Ejection Fraction) and HFpEF (Heart Failure Preserved Ejection Fraction).
“Around 60 per cent heart failure go undiagnosed or misdiagnosed,” said Dilip Kumar, director of Medica Institute of Cardiac Sciences, Kolkata. “Patients with heart failure in India are younger, sicker and have a much higher morbidity and mortality.
In India, medication adherence ranges from 25 percent to 50 percent due to ignorance and high price of drugs. But heart failure is not a life failure and a patient can live life to the fullest with advanced medication and lifestyle modification. It is important to recognize the early signs, get diagnosed and take medicines that can reverse the process.”
Heart failure is a chronic condition in which the heart doesn’t pump blood as much as it should. Blood often backs up and congests the lungs and legs. The fluid build-up can cause shortness of breath and swelling of the legs and feet. Nearly 8million-12million people in the country suffer from heart failure as a condition.
It’s not a disease but manifestation of some other disease, said cardiologist Rabin Chakrabarty. “Several conditions can cause it, including a heart attack, infection, coronary artery disease, diabetes or kidney disease. Once heart muscles turn weak and can’t pump more than 50 percent of the blood it is supposed to, we call it a heart failure. The root ailment has to be treated and we have effective drugs,” he said.